Facilities Services Division


IPM Publications


Date Title Description Image
101 01/24/2003 Program 1: Commensal Rodents The word "commensal" means living in close association with humans and sharing their food. Three rodent species fall into this category. They are the Norway rat, roof rat, and house mouse.
102 02/26/2003 Program 2: Subterranean Termites Termites are primitive insects which have been around for over 250 million years. They belong to the order Isoptera -- Iso means equal and ptera means wing. This means that swarmer termites have 4 wings which are equal in size.
103 04/03/2003 Program 3: Africanized Honey Bees In 1956, a well-known honey bee researcher brought queens of African honey bees to Brazil in an attempt to develop a race of bees that would be better suited to Brazilian conditions than the European bees that were there.

104 05/16/2003 Program 4: Large Cockroaches Cockroaches are one of the most successful animals in the evolution of the planet Earth. They are believed to have been associated with humans since the time of cave dwellers.

105 06/11/2003 Program 5: Argentine Ants
  • The Argentine Ant is the most common pest ant which invades buildings in California
  • They are small dark brown ants which travel in trails (in files or in lines)
106 07/15/2003 Program 6: Pigeons Pigeons have often been referred to as flying rats and in many ways they are.
  • Pigeons are the main pest bird problem at LAUSD schools
  • Their nesting, roosting, amorous cooing, and loafing activities create nuisance problems
107 08/07/2003 Program 7: Bird Droppings A number of diseases are associated with pest birds that frequent human habitation. Refer to LAUSD Pest of the Month publication No. 6 for more information on pigeons. Three species of birds are primarily found in, on, or around human structures. These birds are pigeons, sparrows and starlings.
108 08/16/2003 Program 8: Exterior Sanitation Sanitation is a very important aspect of any pest management program. From an integrated pest management standpoint, it is usually unsanitary conditions that provide food, water, and shelter for most pests.
109 10/08/2003 Program 9: Spiders Most people fear and dislike spiders in spite of the fact that the overwhelming majority of them are beneficial because they feed on insects and other arthropods.
110 11/14/2003 Program 10: IPM Fundamentals Los Angeles Unified School District has adopted an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) policy with regards to pest management on District property. The District embraced this policy because it is the right thing to do to protect the health and safety of its students and employees.
111 01/06/2004 Program 11: Fleas In southern California, the cat flea is the most common flea pest of cats, dogs, opossum, skunks, raccoons, wild cats, and some other warm-blooded animals. The dog flea is rare in California and it has been found on some canines such as coyotes. Fleas found on either cats or dogs in California are most likely cat fleas.
112 02/12/2004 Program 12: Scavenging Honey Bees Honey bees, Apis mellifera, evolved on earth at about the same time the flowering plants appeared. These plants need bees to pollinate their flowers so that they could set seed and thus reproduce themselves and survive.
113 03/04/2004 Program 13: Subterranean Swarmers Subterranean termite swarmers are small insects about 8 to 9 mm long with black bodies and four equal transparent wings. When they emerge from a termite colony indoors, they generally fly towards visible daylight that is usually found at a glass window or door because they are trying to go outside.
114 04/08/2004 Program 14: Honey Bee Swarms Two types of swarms originate from a honey bee colony. The prime swarm and subsequent afterswarms. The prime swarm contains a majority of workers in the nest and the old queen. Afterswarms, which issue about 10 to 15 days after the prime swarm, contain one or more virgin queens and generally a smaller number of workers.
115 05/20/2004 Program 15: West Nile Virus 1 To decrease exposure to mosquitos and the infections they may carry:
  • Avoid ouside activity at dawn and dusk during the mosquito season (May to October). This is particularly important for the elderly and small children
116 06/01/2004 Program 16: Pest Droppings This pictorial key to droppings left by various pests is taken from: US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, National Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Georgia. Public Health Service Publication No. 1955, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
117 06/22/2004 Program 17: West Nile Virus 2
  • West Nile Virus is transmitted to humans and animals (horses and other equines) by mosquitoes.
  • Mosquitoes acquire the virus after feeding on infected birds.
  • No human to human spread of the disease has been reported.
118 07/13/2004 Program 18: West Nile Virus 3 Q. What is the West Nile virus (WNV)?
A. WNV is a virus that was first discovered in Uganda in the 1930's. It is very similar to another virus that is present in the United States, St. Louis Encephalitis virus.
119 08/12/2004 Program 19: West Nile Virus 4 West Nile virus is a significant health threat. Transmitted by mosquitoes, its symptoms include headache, fever, fatigue and muscle aches. Most people recover, but the disease can be fatal. No vaccine exists, but there are steps you can take to protect your family.
120 11/02/2004 Program 20: Recognizing Animal Droppings Occasionally, animal droppings are found within school district buildings. For the most part, these animal droppings (scientifically called scats which is an abbreviation taken from the biological term scatology which is the study of fecal excrement) are left behind by commensal rodents.
121 01/04/2005 Program 21: Pest Pictorial Key Pictorial keys are typical of identification keys found in reference books scientific and papers except that they are arranged as diagrams and illustrated. After making the first choice offered at the top of each page, follow the black lines or indicated numbers to secondary choices until the correct identification has been made.

122 02/09/2005 Program 22: Wild Animals on District Property Raccoons, opossums, and skunks on district property should be denied access to garbage and other miscellaneous food materials on school grounds. If need be, lock the lids of the dumpsters at night to keep them out. Repair entry points in structures so as to prevent animals from gaining entry.
123 05/26/2005 Program 23: Rattlesnakes Six species of rattlesnakes are found in various areas of California. Fifteen species occur in the United States. Rattlesnakes are distinctive American serpents. The rattlesnake is California's only native venomous snake.

124 07/06/2005 Program 24: Bug Off! Whether you are a big target or not, it is smart to take a minute to apply insect repellent with DEET when you know you are going to be outside during peak mosquito-biting hours such as at dawn or dusk
125 08/11/2005 Program 25: L.A. County: West Nile Virus WNV spreads during warm weather months when mosquitoes are most active. While not all mosquitoes carry this virus, the type of mosquito that spreads this virus is found throughout Los Angeles County.
126 10/19/2005 Program 26: Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) Bird flu is an infection caused by avian (bird) influenza (flu) viruses. These flu viruses occur naturally among birds. Wild birds worldwide carry the viruses in their intestines, but usually do not get sick from them.
127 01/06/2006 Program 27: Cafeteria Pest Management This program is designed to assist Los Angeles Unified School District cafeteria managers to maintain a good, clean, wholesome, and sanitary environment in which food is stored, prepared, processed, served, and displayed for sale.
128 03/09/2006 Program 28: Pigeon Problems Schools are excellent nurturing and harboring places for large numbers of pigeons. They provide all of the critical and essential requisites for pigeon survival and reproduction, including food, water, nesting and loafing sites...
129 03/22/2006 Program 29: West Nile Virus 5 Mosquitoes have always been a nuisance in California but with the arrival of West Nile Virus, they are now a serious health threat. Mosquitoes are the main vectors of West Nile Virus, a debilitating disease which can be fatal to people, horses, and certain species of birds, for example, crows.
130 03/29/2006 Program 30: Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) Infected birds shed virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces. Susceptible birds become infected when they contact contaminated excretions. It is believed that most cases of bird flu infections in humans have resulted from contact with infected poultry or contaminated surfaces.
131 06/13/2006 Program 31: Rats and Mice Rats and mice often invade schools and other District buildings to look for food, water, and shelter. Once inside structures, these animals often chew on many materials such as food, food containers, books, cardboard, paper, paper products, plastic bags, art projects, and electrical wires, etc.
132 06/20/2006 Program 32: West Nile Virus 6 West Nile Virus (WNV) season has arrived and residents should take precautions with the advent of warmer weather and more leisure time spent outside, experts advise.
133 11/01/2006 Program 33: IPM Flyers Pigeons & Pests
  • Don't let them eat - Keep food out of classrooms. Store food in sealed containers (no Ziploc bags). Make sure trash cans are emptied daily.
  • Don't let them drink - Make sure there are no water sources for pests in the classroom
134 07/24/2007 Program 34: Mosquitoes and WNV To prevent mosquito from breeding on district properties.
  • Clean and hose out birdbaths at least weekly.
  • Fix all water leaks. This includes leaks from air conditioning units.
135 07/24/2007 Program 35: West Nile Resurgence in California 2007 In order to impact mosquito breeding, we need to pay attention to all outdoor water uses to make sure we are not creating stagnant water puddles for mosquitoes to breed in.
136 08/21/2007 Program 36: Bats on School Grounds When people hear about bats, they often imagine or think things that are not true. Bats are not blind. They use a sophisticated system called echolocation to find their prey. They are neither rodents nor birds.
137 03/25/2008 Program 37: Cats on District Property What is a feral cat? A feral cat is an animal that is too poorly socialized to be handled (and therefore must be trapped or sedated for examination) and which cannot be placed into a typical pet home.
138 09/16/2008 Program 38: Bed Bugs Bed bugs are small, agile, secretive, cryptic, covert, insidious insects that can very easily crawl into suitcases, luggage, boxes, and other belongings. Evolution and natural selection have shaped bed bugs into an insect that is flat and thin and is highly adaptable.
139 11/06/2012 Program 39: Filth Flies Many species of flies can be problems in schools. Flies such as house flies and blow flies which breed in food wastes (garbage) and/or animal feces are generally referred to as filth flies.